Monrovia is the capital city of the West African country of Liberia. Located on the Atlantic Coast at Cape Mesurado , Monrovia had a population of 1,010,970 as of the 2008 census. With 29% of the total population of Liberia, Monrovia is the country’s most populous city.
Founded on April 25, 1822, Monrovia was the second permanent African American settlement in Africa after Freetown, Sierra Leone . Monrovia’s economy is shaped primarily by its harbour and its role as the location of Liberia’s government offices.
Monrovia is named in honor of U.S. President, James Monroe , a prominent supporter of the colonization of Liberia and the American Colonization Society . Along with Washington, D.C. , it is one of two national capitals to be named after a U.S. President.
In 1816, with the aim of establishing a self-sufficient colony for emancipated American slaves, something that had already been accomplished in Freetown , the first settlers arrived in Africa from the United States, under the auspices of the American Colonization Society .  They landed at Sherbro Island in present-day Sierra Leone .
On January 7, 1822, a second ship rescued the settlers and took them to Cape Mesurado , establishing the settlement of Christopolis .  In 1824, the city was renamed Monrovia after
James Monroe , then President of the United States, who was a prominent supporter of the colony in sending freed Black slaves and ex-Caribbean slaves from the United States of America and Caribbean islands to Liberia and who saw it as preferable to emancipation in America.
In 1845, Monrovia was the site of the constitutional convention held by the American Colonization Society which drafted the constitution that would two years later be the constitution of an independent and sovereign
In the Republic of Liberia, At the beginning of the 20th century, Monrovia was divided into two parts: Monrovia proper, where the city’s Americo-Liberian population resided and was reminiscent of the Southern United States in architecture; and Krutown, which was mainly inhabited by ethnic Krus but also Bassas , Grebos and other ethnicities of the 4,000 residents, 2,500 were Americo-Liberian. By 1926, ethnic groups from Liberia’s interior began migrating to Monrovia in search of jobs. The population of Monrovia reached 10,000 by 1937; at that time, Monrovia’s police department had 30 members.
In 1979, the Organisation of African Unity held their conference in the Monrovia area, with then president William Tolbert as chairman. During his term, Tolbert improved public housing in Monrovia and decreased by 50% the tuition fees at the University of Liberia . A military coup led by Samuel Doe ousted the Tolbert government in 1980, with many members being executed. The city was severely damaged in the First and Second Liberian Civil Wars, notably during the siege of Monrovia, with many buildings damaged and nearly all the infrastructure destroyed. Major battles occurred between Samuel Doe’s government and Prince Johnson ‘s forces in 1990 and with the NPFL ‘s assault on the city in 1992. A legacy of the war is a large population of homeless children and youths, either having been involved in the fighting or denied an education by it.
In 2002, Leymah Gbowee organized the Women of Liberia Mass Action for Peace with local women praying and singing in a fish market in Monrovia. This movement helped bring an end to the Second Liberian Civil War in 2003 and the election of Ellen Johnson Sirleaf in Liberia, the first African nation with a female president.